Tell me about music

Classic Guitar

The guitar scale

Introduction

The guitar has a musical scale, just like a piano or a flute.
It is thus possible to make a correspondence between the notes of a guitar and the notes of a piano.
On a piano, each key plays a certain note. On a guitar, each space of each string corresponds to a certain note.
This way, when we want to play a given note on a guitar, we must know where to find that note on the guitar arm. We must know which space to press and which string to play.

Since the difference between two adjacent strings is less than one octave, the same note can be found at different places on the guitar arm.
For instance, the same E can be played on string 1 unfretted, on the fifth space of string 2, on the ninth space of string 3, and so on...

When trying to find a given note on the guitar arm, we must pay special attention to the fact that the difference between two adjacent spaces is a halftone.
For example, if a given space on a given string plays C, than the following space to the right plays one halftone higher, called C sharp or D flat. Likewise, the previous space to the left plays B, since C flat is actually B.

Starting in C and jumping one halftone up again and again, we get the complete set of 12 halftones:
C
C sharp or D flat
D
D sharp or E flat
E
F
F sharp or G flat
G
G sharp or A flat
A
A sharp or B flat
B
and again C, but one octave higher than the initial C.

The scale of each string

String 1
String 2
String 3
String 4
String 5
String 6

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